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Mompracem on old maps

The island Mompracem has really existed

Old map showing MompracemOld maps (between the 16th and 19th centuries) list an island called Mompracem, namely as a very big island in a distinctive position. All the more it is surprisingly that it was assumed, Emilo Salgari invented the name Mompracem.
In fact it was only in the 1970s when the existence of Mompracem came to mind. The Italian journalists Giuglio Raiola la and Rolando Jotti searched systematically for that island. Together with a relative of the Sultan of Brunei, Pengiran Shariffuddin, they were convinced that the distinctive Mompracem is today island Keraman. Raiola and Jotti then visited Keraman and got the information by the inhabitants that the island earlier was much bigger than now and that it is continuously destroyed by the sea currents, therefore it was named "Keraman" which means in Malay "the island Keraman by airwhich disappears". I have learned Malay but I can't really follow this translation, and I also cannot follow their statement that Mompracem disappears. Raiola also met with Robert Nicholl, who worked on the old names of Borneo academically and who stated that Mompracem is nowadays Keraman, but Nicholl didn't give the translation or another one for the name "Keraman". The name Mompracem was shown on the maps up to the 19th century, but in the 20th century no more, instead of it the name Keraman appeared. There are no two maps known to me which give both the names Mompracem and Keraman.

In May, 2011, Fabio Negro published a book in which he disputed Raiolas thesis that Keraman is Mompracem. He studied a lot of old maps and compared them, analysing it. He concluded that Mompracem must have been more to the west and identified an area called "Ampa Patches" (a coral reef area) as Mompracem. He isn't sure about the fact whether Mompracem ever was an island or if it disappeared under the sea level.
I can't follow Negros theory so far, because Mompracem is also shown on a lot of maps directly south to Labuan. To my opinion, Negro has focussed - in his conclusions - on not relevant maps. Negro keeps those cards more meaningful that been copied over the centuries and were not created due to local experience. I was therefore in 2011 intensively busy with the problem of the position of Mompracem and, by using maps of the 16th - 20 Century and observations and statements in texts by persons who have been on site in the 19th Century,  I have come to new insights.

These findings have brought me - together with a long overdue linguistic analysis of the name - an astonishing result. Mompracem was perhaps never the island of the tigers, but the island of birds.

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